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FRACK FACTS
HYDRAULIC FRACTURING FOR NATURAL GAS IN THE MARCELLUS SHALE

Fracking in the Marcellus Shale means drilling down , then across the shale
 to release the gas for use.  Larger and larger cracks are being attempted.
The process cannot be done , and is  not being done, safely,
as the news articles & info below on this page will attest.
 Oversight and regulations are  grossly inadequate  for a process
with so many human and environmental consequences
.
Every voice is needed to halt this runaway train and to turn towards clean renewables. 

 

• 32% of the leases owned by Chesapeake Energy, the most active company in the Marcellus shale, have been sold
overseas  ( and  local companies with leases also will be selling the energy on the open market at market rates - not "giving" it to us )
 
• NYC watershed and Delaware River Basin supplies water to 15.6 MILLION PEOPLE,
           that's 5% of the nation’s population, including you and I!
6.8 Million in NYC, 5.4 Million in Philadelphia.
It’s the largest unfiltered water supply in the world. 
 
• Thanks to Dick Cheney, the 2005 Energy Policy Act exempts hydraulic drilling companies from the Safe Drinking
Water Act.
 
• Until sued, drilling companies were exempt from disclosing the plethora of chemicals using in the fracking
process. Haliburton still refuses to divulge their cocktail as of this writing . 
 
• Types of chemicals we now know are in the fracking fluid include carcinogens, mutagens, endocrine disrupters,
which can do damage to human skin, eyes, sensory organs, lungs, gastrointestinal organs, liver, brain and nervous
system, kidneys and cardiovascular and blood systems.
 
• Contamination and lawsuits here in PA have already begun.
 
• Environmental impacts include air, noise, light and water pollution as well as increased traffic on what amounts to
rural roads.
 
• In addition to methane gas, drilling releases radioactive materials including deadly radon gas.
 
• PA has THE MOST LAX regulations regarding wastewater management. Frack fluid has gone directly to water
treatment plants which DO NOT TEST FOR RADIOACTIVITY. Then, they are channeled out  into our creeks and rivers.
 
• 60% of Philadelphia drinking water comes directly from the Delaware River.

• There were over 1400 violations between 1/1/08 and 7/25/10.
 
• 1,000,000 – 8,000,000 gallons of water are used per well each time a well is fracked. A well can be fracked up to
18 times. That equals 8,000,000 – 144,000,000 gallons of water PER WELL!  
 
• Each well site consumes 4-5 acres of land.
 
• Each well requires 800 truck runs to bring in and haul away water/frack fluid.
 
• About 40% of frack fluid remains in the crevice left by drilling and can seep into the soil.
 
• According to Business Week, 0.3% is the average tax rate a typical gas company paid in the past 5 years because
of tax breaks compared to the standard 35% corporate tax rate.
 
• The burden for the damage done by this process will be paid by us, with our money, and more importantly, with our
health, the health of our children and for generations to come.  

When all the water is polluted, where will we get clean drinking water?
join us in uniting for a solution     info@transitioncheltenham.org



Online Resources
go to:  http://www.transitioncheltenham.org/Government/Marcellus/MarcellusShaleFactSheet.htm

New York Times series on Gas Fracking by Ian Urbina - an excellent, eye-opening, pull-no-punches series covering waste water clean up (joking!) and a muzzled EPA by Ian Urbina. There are terrific, comprehensive links to the actual letters and other documents Mr. Urbina used to write this series.
 
Gasland - the HBO documentary by Josh Fox
  
Marcellus Shale - An excellent, large site dedicated to providing photos, facts, opinions, stories and news about the Marcellus Shale gas you won’t see other places.
 
The Delaware Riverkeeper - An excellent site, with link to send comments to the Delaware River Basin, the group defining the gas fracking regulations. Also has talking points.
 
Overview of Marcellus Shale - What is the Marcellus Shale, what is found when you fracture the rock for natural gas

Articles about Neshaminy Creek Fracking Fluid Dump site. Problem started back in late 2008/2009 but reports ONLY came out in 2011! Buried Secrets - Gas Drilling's Environmental Threat - Learn more about drilling from Pro Publica - Journalism in the Public Interest

Hannock and the Marcellus Shale - an excellent, very visual paper by Open Space Institute, showing what Hannock NY will look like by looking at neighboring Dimmock PA. Be warned that it's a large (22MB) PDF download.

Beverly's Blasts - blog posts about the issue from a Cheltenham PA resident and member of Transition Cheltenham
Media about local lawsuits

THERE IS STILL TIME TO ACT! It's never to late to get involved

Contact us : info@transitioncheltenham.org

____________________________________________

 

FOR DISCUSSION ON  FRACKING

*water, air, and ground contamination put our health at risk from gas drilling

* our future water supplies and recreation areas at risk
from chemicals and the sheer volume of water taken for each well

* the process is not transparent, and what information there is is not easy to access

* there were over 1400 violations between 1/1/2008 & 7/25/2010

* DEP & EPA are under-funded for the oversight needed

* the full range of emission of greenhouse gases is significant but not yet available

* landowners suffer both financial and quality of life losses, including livelihoods

* landowners have financial enticements to lease their land, without knowing full consequences

* landowners have felt threatened they would suffer consequences if they don’t lease

* quality of life in the region of the drilling (often pristine mountains ) is diminished

* truck traffic, scenic blight, noise, and the devastation of recreational land is evident

* waste water processing not able to process frack water properly

* the burden of proof that this is safe is NOT on the ones profiting

* taxing the drillers will cause politicians to encourage and embrace more drilling to fill coffers

* taxing for clean up and restoration ASSUMES that proper clean-up will not be enforced

* burdens of proper permitting,inspections and full clean-up should be on the polluter / profiteer

* the cost of roads, police and other regional costs should be borne by the profiteer

* gas subsidies take $ from pockets of the polluted & increases profits for the polluter/profiteer

* renewables are shunned when these dangerous drilling methods are embraced

* we need to live within our means, not at the cost of our future

* after we spoil our water and our land, we will still have to look for another source of energy

* destroyed water and land cannot be replaced - affect it now, before it happens

* this gas does not enrich America – it is owned by many other countries already

* this gas will be sold on the open market making riches for the gas companies, not Americans

* this won't meet our energy needs - it will meet someone's - but not necessarily ours.....

____________________________________
MORE FRACKING NEWS AND LINKS     

Where are the PA Shale wells ?- who is drilling? -etc- how much gas it is producing?-
any violations at the well cited by the Department of Environmental Protection?
Updated each month as DEP releases new data. http://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/drilling /

What is the Marcellus Shale
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2009/3032/pdf/FS2009-3032.pdf 

More on what the Marcellus Shale is
http://geology.com/articles/marcellus-shale.shtml 

Comprehensive resources site listing counties, wells, gallons of waters, companies drilling etc - There are over 4,000 graphs available at the site covering permits, violations, production, and gas companies - at the state, county, and township levels.some info had with only email registration. Full access by $20 membership http://www.marcellusgas.org/ 

Comprehensive Overview - Thee process of fracking & equipment used - Names of Drilling Companies- political contributions & what the latest news is including spills, accidents etc
http://www.marcellus-shale.us /

Water rights and the law - an in- depth review. http://www.wvsoro.org/resources/marcellus/Weston.pdf 

An open Letter to Communities Working to stop Fracking
http://www.celdf.org/open-letter-to-communities-working-to-stop-fracking 

The Delaware Riverkeeper Network and Damascus Citizens file a federal lawsuit against the Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) challenging certain wells were allowed to be drilled without DRBC review and approval despite a Basin-wide moratorium on gas wells:
http://www.damascuscitizens.org/DRBC-lawsuit.html 

DEP'S factsheet
http://www.elibrary.dep.state.pa.us/dsweb/Get/Document-77964/0100-FS-DEP4217.pdf 

DEP - 14000 inspection violations in 2010
http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/minres/oilgas/OGInspectionsViolations/OGInspviol.htm 

PA drinking water at risk - frackwater discharges into creeks and other water sources a concern
http://enews.earthlink.net/channel/news/print?guid=20110103/4c990ad5-caf9-4c7e-92c7-2a3ca5c9fa00 

About Directional Drilling
http://www.naturalgas.org/naturalgas/extraction_directional.asp 

Greenhouse Gas Emissions
http://www.eeb.cornell.edu/howarth/GHG%20emissions%20from%20Marcellus%20Shale%20--%20with%20figure%20--%203.17.2010%20draft.doc.pdf 

A Frank Discussion by a Geological Consultant
http://www.aspousa.org/index.php/2010/07/interview-with-art-berman-part-1/

A round up of News Clips ( similar to this list ) - which gives you the latest Marcellus news
http://www.paenvironmentdigest.com/newsletter/default.asp?NewsletterArticleID=19773 

5-10 Foreign Investment by China, Norway and Japan among others could have far-reaching effects
http://www.usainbounddeals.com/2010/05/articles/deals-developments/international-players-vie-to-invest-in-marcellus-shale-projects/ 

Hear about natural gas drilling and fracking in Texas. This is what we have to look forward to in Pennsylvania if we don't stand up for our rights, now. http://vimeo.com/18086098  --noise, rashes, fouled water ....

Chief Oil and Gas Subsidiary Pays $34,000 Fine, Surrenders Permit after Discharging Industrial Waste Illegally in Lycoming County . More than 25,000 Gallons Discharged to Big Run Watershed.
http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/newsroom/14287?id=15849&typeid=1 

FLIR footage of a compressor in Dimock that shows the emissions into the air in color. None of the emissions are visible to the eye. First see the naked eye view here:
http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=1435205338799
Then see the same site but with a FLIR camera to show the emissions:
http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=1435179698158
1-11 Pictures of Hickory PA and discussion of the problems fracking has brought
http://www.donnan.com/Marcellus-Gas_Hickory.htm 

1-11 Philadelphia bans purchases of Marcellus gas pending EPA review due in 2012- Jan 18, 2011 (Reuters)
Philadelphia officials directed a city utility not to buy natural gas from the Marcellus. The unanimous vote followed a decision by the Pittsburgh to ban hydraulic fracturing http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKN1813865220110118 

A Report Card on the Contract Makers for the drilling companies - the Landmen http://www.landmanreportcard.com/lrc /

Diesel Fuel Used in Fracking - no permits - no data on proximity to drinking water supplies http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/business/energy/7406933.html 

2-11 The state of permitting and drilling in the Delaware River Basin - permits by Feb 2011
http://weeklypress.com/delaware-river-basin-commission-to-release-fracking-rules-this-week-p2282-1.htm 

2-11 The Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) is being charged with irregularities in their review and
approval process, in addition to the many other concerns with the process:
http://www.damascuscitizens.org/DRBC-lawsuit.html 

2-11 Bradford County residents see home prices fall 85% because of water issues
http://thedailyreview.com/news/resident-tells-bradford-county-commissioners-not-to-forget-gas-drilling-problems-1.1110270 

2-11 In Dish Texas, in the Barnet Shale, a Mayor leaves his town fearing fracking affecting family's health. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/24/mayor-calvin-tillman-leav_n_827478.html 

3-11 Hancock New York commissions a view of their town before and after the gas drilling
http://www.osiny.org/custom/HancockAndTheMarcellusShale.pdf 

3-11 EPA will order testing at PA treatment plants and drinking-water intakes, and Clean Water Action and Three Rivers Waterkeeper plan suing two sewage treatment plants for violations of the federal Clean Water Act and for not having a proper permit to discharge industrial drilling waste into rivers. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/08/science/earth/08water.html?partner=rss&emc=rss 

INFO 3-11 Map: click on the point where the frackwater enters the river and see how far downstream the next public water supply is located: http://hosted.ap.org/specials/interactives/_national/marcellus-water/index.html?SITE=AP 

2-11 Governor Corbett lifts the ban on fracking in State Forests
http://www.bizjournals.com/pittsburgh/blog/energy/2011/02/Marcellus-forest-leasing-moratorium.html 

3-11 Bradford County Home explosions in the area of gas & oil drilling
(search page for "House Explosions" or scroll down to pictures of houses
http://solomonswords.blogspot.com/ 
http://www.goerie.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=%2F20110301%2FNEWS02%2F303019951%2F-1%2FNEWSSITEMAP 

3-11 The press was excluded from meetings about the Bradford County Explosions
http://www.centredaily.com/2011/03/16/2586142/pa-newspaper-excluded-from-meeting.html 

3-11 The Devil’s Details about Radioisotopes and Other Toxic Contaminants in Marcellus Shale Flowback Fluids and Their Appearance in Surface Water Sources and Threats to Recreationalists, Private Well Water Users, and Municipal Water Supplies
http://www.fractracker.org/2011/03/devils-details-about-radioisotopes-and.html 

3-11 Truckers dogde Frack wastewater regulations The PA House rejected an amendment that would put more regulators on those hauling frackwater http://thedailyreview.com/news/house-rejects-fracking-wastewater-amendment-1.1115576 

3-11 Pennsylvania Limits Authority of Oil and Gas Inspectors : inspectors policing Marcellus Shale development in Pennsylvania will no longer be able to issue violations to the drilling companies they regulate without first getting the approval of top officials. http://www.propublica.org/article/pennsylvania-limits-authority-of-oil-and-gas-inspectors .
( this was finally overturned late April or early May 2011 -http://protectingourwaters.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/pennsylvania-dep-rolls-back-approval-process-for-shale-violations / )

3-11 Other states look to Pennsylvania to learn from Marcellus Shale errors -Maryland among those thinking twice about permitting process or even allowing wells Spokesmen for gas companies contacted did not respond, nor did DEP officials. http://www.bayjournal.com/article.cfm?article=4050

3-11 Drilling could be costly to residents http://www.pennlive.com/midstate/index.ssf/2011/04/post_187.html 

4-11 - Fraccidents Earth Justice map of fracking accident locations http://marcellusprotest.org/new-fraccidents-map
or http://earthjustice.org/features/campaigns/pennsylvania-and-fracking 

4-11 Test wells not properly capped - wells drilled through the years all over the country were abandonned uncapped & are cusing leakage and build up of gas leading to explosions and evacuations. The cost to cap them, even if they COULD find them all, is astronomical. Countless more will be generated in the Marcellus. New York has managed to plug only 125 of a possible 40,000 http://www.propublica.org/article/deteriorating-oil-and-gas-wells-threaten-drinking-water-homes-across-the-co 

4-11 Shale gas may be worse for climate than coal http://www.energybulletin.net/stories/2011-04-12/new-report-suggests-shale-natural-gas-worse-climate-coal 

4-11 - Selling off the Shale gas in overseas markets - like beads for Manhattam
http://www.tradereform.org/2011/04/marcellus-shale-gas-may-head-overseas / ).

4-11 Greenhouse gases produced by the extraction and use of the methane obtained by hydrofracking. It may be just as polluting as coal (http://thehill.com/images/stories/blogs/energy/howarth.pdf  ).
5-11 Emissions next to a school http://www.youtube.com/GasDrillingTruth#p/u/0/h4u7e_5NtYg

5-11 Fracking accidents map - PA has the most --- the state with the most to lose environmentally, and the most lax in regulation and enforcement: . And, the gas industry is just getting started here! http://earthjustice.org/features/campaigns/fracking-across-the-united-states 

5-11 Toxic Spills In 2010, there was 1,155,265 gallons of toxic spills from oil and gas drilling In Pennsylvania. That does not include the 53 million gallons of Marcellus toxic fracking fluid waste in 2010 DEP reports that is still "unaccounted for" in PA.nor other damage
http://protectingourwaters.wordpress.com/2011/04/13/cbs-evening-news-april-12-2011-oil-gas-industry-spills-happen-all-the-time/
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/17/us-rivers-idUSTRE74G75P20110517 

5-11 Susquehanna River in NY, PA and MD tops list as nation's most endangered river due to fracking http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/17/us-rivers-idUSTRE74G75P20110517 

5-11 Sullivan County Drilling Map w/well locations. So far, 110 permitted, 100 listed, as of May 9, 2011.
Total planned = 1500 multi-well pads, 5500-6500 wells, 100 compressor stations.
http://gmaps.kaeding.name/saved/SC_20110511

5-11 France moves toward ban on hydrofracking - Policymakers recognize the dangers
http://www.policyshop.net/home/2011/5/13/france-moves-toward-a-ban-on-hydrofracking.html 

5-11 Texas politicians knew agency hid the amount of radiation in drinking water
http://www.khou.com/home/-Texas-politicians-knew-agency-hid-the-amount-of-radiation-in-drinking-water-122205439.html

5-11 Right of Eminent Domain use given to gas drilling companies even though the beneficiaries are NOT necessarily the public, but only certain companies ........ http://citizensvoice.com/news/drilling/puc-gives-nod-to-eminent-domain-power-for-pipeline-company-1.1149410#axzz1NCOVvUYR 

5-11 Frackwater affecting farms - Sandra Staingraber spoke before a hearing of NYS lawmakers about the effects of frack water on children's health by way of food that is grown and produced locally as frack water impacts the quality of water used by farms http://www.timesunion.com/default/article/Legislative-panel-questions-industry-on-1398225.php 

5-11 Democracy Now video with update on all the latest developments including interview with Sandra Staingraber on the health crisis surrounding natural gas extractiion
http://www.democracynow.org/2011/5/27/sandra_steingraber_on_the_health_crisis 

5-11 New study finds frackwater polluting drinking wells
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=fracking-for-natural-gas-pollutes-water-wells&WT.mc_id=SA_CAT_TECH_20110511 

5-11 How gas leases threaten the mortgage process - Bank white paper on property valuation & financing http://www.spectraenergywatch.com/blog/?p=1272


6-11 Oil Company Shareholders Vote Against Irresponsible Fracking in Record Numbers
http://www.triplepundit.com/2011/06/shareholder-resolutions-fracking-gain-traction /

6-11 Prices Fall for Some Gas-Rich Shale Land  http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/10/business/10views.html?_r=1 

6-11 Gas Co Lobbyists offer freebies to get testimony. A night in Pittsburgh with free airfare, free lodging and free food for telling the Department of Energy how natural gas drilling has improved their lives.
http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11162/1153032-503.stm#ixzz1P0RRsa9W

6-11 Doylestown PA posts warning that lifting moratorium on fracking before EPA has finished conducting safety studies can have severe consequences for the Delaware River as per examples from 2 other severely damaged PA rivers http://oneifbylandbuckscounty.com/story_day.php?p=storyday 

6-11 Federal Regulations Lacking - Frackers enjoy many exemptions from Clean Air, Clean Water and Safe Drinking Acts and from hazardous waste regulations http://www.ewg.org/gas-drilling-and-fracking 

6-11 Blown Out Gas well --- property owners have contaminated water - read note below article to see that more than sodium was detected http://www.wnep.com/wnep-brad-epa-briefs-homeowners-living-near-blown-out-gas-well-20110623,0,3576612.story 
7-11 An Insider's View as to how politicians, landowners, stockholders and all of us, essentially, are being duped by gas drilling companies and entities http://my.brainshark.com/Ponzi-Gas-Frackers-8298212?v=73

7-11 A round up of News Clips ( similar to this list ) - which gives you the latest Marcellus news
http://www.paenvironmentdigest.com/newsletter/default.asp?NewsletterArticleID=19773 

7-11 Bradford County, PA-fish kill of 250 fish- 80families without water- request for a phone hotline to report water and other contamination issues denied, so there's no way to collect verifiable information
http://www.rocket-courier.com/news/content/commissioners-defer-contamination-issues-dep  ~ 

7-11 Penn State study was sponsored by a lobbying group representing gas companies. The study was reportedly commissioned by Marcellus Shale Coalition ( an industry organization) for $100,000 . The article is being used as proof that fracking would be beneficial, but statistics, for instance about the enormous number of jobs created, are at odds with statics from the Dept of Labor and Industry http://mediamatters.org/blog/201107250008  ~

7-11 Bradford County residents finding that they are unable to remortgage their homes for case out because the drilling companies that bought the mineral rights have mortgaged these - so they are already mortgaged to the hilt. http://thedailyreview.com/news/ward-gas-company-financing-is-preventing-residents-from-getting-mortgages-1.1182565 

8-11 Video clip showing the utter devastation caused by drilling industry vehicles alone in Pine Creek Valley PA.
With less than 50 drilling sites currently , the truck count on the mountain roads is counted at 750-1500 in 24 hr period --- 7 days a week. This is a clip from the movie Groundswell ( info@resolutionpictures.com)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KZZQxe6FiGA&feature=youtu.be 
 

8-11 Gas in the US is NOT owned just by American companies, but is in many cases a joint venture with foreign countries like China, India, Norway, the UK, Japan, and South Korea.Multinational corporations hold no allegiance to the US, the American people, or the American economy - but serve their shareholders and their corporate 'bottom line'. We will ultimately end up buying American natural gas from foreign entities on the global market and competing with the highest bidder. https://spreadsheets.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0AttP1cRHZ8J_dGc1SFp4OHlEQ3UtVVl2UDlLYkxxM3c&authkey=CMP4r_QI&hl=en_US#gid=0 

8-11 Lawsuit filed to complete analysis before drilling moves forward in the Delaware River Basin
http://www.delawareriverkeeper.org/resources/PressReleases/FINAL_GroupPressRelease_FrackingLawsuit_8_2_11.pdf

9-11 Hydrofracking may be the biggest environmental threat that Pensylvanians will face in this generation
http://www.lhup.edu/rmyers3/marcellus.htm 

9-11 Peters Township Pa tries a new approach - attempting to ban Fracking by putting it on the ballot in Nov
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111903648204576552861902466194.html 

9-11 Kevin Heatley , biohabitat restoration specialist from PA presenting in Hammondsport, NY 9-15-11.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21Jxw-HiEXE 

9-11 "Fracking is toxic for kids, suit says" http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2011/sep/15/fracking-toxic-kids-suit-says-20110915/ & http://epaper.arkansasonline.com/Repository/getFiles.asp?Style=OliveXLib:ArticleToMail&Type=text/html&Path=ArDemocrat/2011/09/15&ID=Ar02704&Locale 

10-11 Quarantined Cows Give Birth to Stillborns
http://protectingourwaters.wordpress.com/2011/10/18/dead-calves-and-silences-quarantined-cows-gave-birth-to-stillborn-calves/ 

11-11 Fossil Fuels are subsided at 6 times the rate of renewables
http://www.kansascity.com/2011/11/09/3256775/fossil-fuel-users-subsidies-six.html#ixzz1dJ8rIJl2 

11-11 - Gas Companies Caught Using Military Tactics To Overcome Drilling Concerns http://dfw.cbslocal.com/2011/11/11/gas-companies-caught-using-military-strategies-to-overcome-drilling-concerns/#comment-118626 

12-11 Legislation drafted by activists to criminalize the act of fracking in New York http://www.counterpunch.org/2011/10/13/criminalize-fracking/ http://readersupportednews.org/news-section2/312-16/7866-criminalize-fracking http://www.buffalonews.com/city/article636201.ece 


12-11 Cabot (Oil & Gas Co) water deliveries to replace contaminated water in Dimock have been stopped - Dimock residents with contaminated water see solutions http://protectingourwaters.wordpress.com/2011/12/02/december-6th-action-save-dimocks-water-deliveries-testify-at-compressor-station-hearing/ 


12-11 Philadelphia Inquirer, "DEP: Protecting Water or Gas?" Duke University researchers take on PA DEP Secretary Krancer's claim of "biased science" . Peer-reviewed research found conclusive evidence of "higher methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in some drinking water wells near drillingsites." DEP's mission is to "protect Pennsylvania's air, land and water from pollution and to provide for the health and safety of its citizens" http://www.philly.com/philly/opinion/inquirer/20111202_DEP__Protecting_water_or_gas_.html

12-11 New York Times, Ian Urbina's "Learning Too Late of the Perils in Gas Leases" reveals the dangerously irresponsible terms gas drilling companies impose on unwary, often poverty-stricken landowners . Residents with water contaminated by drillers learn the company is not legally obliged to provide them with clean water -verbal claims are not part of the written lease.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/02/us/drilling-down-fighting-over-oil-and-gas-well-leases.html?_r=1&hp 

12-11 Some actual figures on the amount that fossil fuels are subsidized – while many claim that “solar and wind" are not cost effective and need to be subsidized “ http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11341/1195110-113.stm 

12-11 Information about the Bakken oil "boom" - not quite what it is being hyped up to be
http://www.green-planet-solar-energy.com/bakken-oil.html 

12-11 Frack fluids are found to be contaminating drinking water
http://ecowatch.org/2011/fracking-compounds-found-in-drinking-water 

12-11 Where are the PA Shale wells ?- who is drilling? -etc- how much gas it is producing?- any violations at the well cited by the Department of Environmental Protection? Updated each month as DEP releases new data. http://stateimpact.npr.org/pennsylvania/drilling/ 

12-11 Deadliest energy sources in the world http://www.desmogblog.com/chart-deadliest-energy-sources-world 

1-12 - 'Super Fracking'- drill further, faster and bigger. Doctors call for a moratorium.
http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/like-fracking-youll-love-super-fracking-01192012.html  no longer content to frack - they want to employ a method of blasting deeper into dense rock to create wider channels with technology, branded as "DirectConnect" . Land-based rigs renting for up to $30,000 a day- so disintegrating plug balls have been invented to reduce time of retrieving plug balls . Another technique, called "HiWAY", can generate bigger cracks in surrounding rock. The number of customers using HiWAY in North America has grown 10 times in the past year. Halliburton, the No. 1 provider of fracking services, rolled out RapidFrac, to blast open multiple holes at one time. Doctors called for a federal moratorium on the technique in populated areas until the health effects are better understood.


 

 

 

 
 

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